Whenever we have headache or pain in the body, you go for pain killers. But if the pain is much severe, opioids are prescribed. Opioids are the major pain reliever drugs, also called pain killers, which are produced from the poppy plants e.g., morphine. Morphine is a derivative of opioids, is effective for humans. It acts upon nervous system and immediately relieves from pain. Apart from pain killers, they also induce relaxation and highness. They work by blocking the pain signals in body, thus treating pain. Opioids include oxycontin, fentanyl and heroin (illegal). They can be taken in the form of pills, injections or syrups too. In case of injection usage, pain or some swelling can occur at the site of injection.
Whenever you have feel in the body, opioids are taken. Opioids attach to the opioid protein receptors in the body, as a result of which a pain message that is transported from body to brain is blocked. With signal blockage, pain is relieved.
Some short term effects of opioids include nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, and constipation. These result from after initial usage of opioids. If opioids are used in combination with drugs or alcohols, they cause depression.
Long term effects of opioids and morphine result from over usage, that causes addiction. It causes cold flashes, diarrhoea, insomnia and bone pains. When you feel any of these symptoms, consult your healthcare provider.
Whenever you have the need to use opioids, you should first concern with your doctor or physician. If you’re allergic to opioids, first tell your doctor about this, so that you do not have any side effects. If you have any family history of diseases, let your doctor know about this. When you take morphine and opioids, you should avoid driving or doing any task because they can cause dizziness. Safety measures should be taken carefully.